Emotional invalidation is when a person’s thoughts and feelings are rejected, ignored, or judged.
Invalidation is emotionally upsetting for anyone, but particularly hurtful for someone who is emotionally sensitive.
Invalidation disrupts relationships and creates emotional distance.
When people invalidate themselves, they create alienation from the self and make building their identity very challenging.
Momentum is perhaps the most vexing market anomaly because it exists, but normative models for rational agent behavior cannot explain why it exists.
Behavioral economics is just beginning to uncover the nexus of human irrationality which causes people to "buy higher" and "sell lower" -- presumably the roots for the momentum phenomenon.
Is there a reason or some reference somewhere why the Fama/French Momentum Factors (WML) were discontinued at June 30, 2016, see e.g.
Also, the California Rules of Court -- administrative rules promulgated by the judiciary -- provide that "[s]election of the upper term is justified only if, after consideration of all the relevant facts, the circumstances in aggravation outweigh the circumstances in mitigation." Finally, unless the sentencing judge chooses the middle term, she also must give reasons for her sentencing choice.The Way California's "Determinate" Sentencing Operated For many years, many states used a system of "open-ended indeterminate" sentencing.That means that, once a person is convicted, a judge has broad discretion to select any sentence between two end points in the statutory range specified for a particular office (say, six years and sixteen years in prison) that she deems just.California, however, moved away from such a system, for many crimes, about a generation ago -- as the Court in Cunningham explained.California opted, instead, for a scheme that requires the judge to choose .